Archived webcast

American Ideas: Steadfast Spirits

March 1, 2013

How do the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution affect African American women through the Revolution, Reconstruction, and the Civil Rights era?


WHRV host Barbara Hamm Lee joins interpreter Katrinah Lewis who portrays free black citizen Lydia Broadnax. Colonial Williamsburg historians Tricia Brooks and Harvey Bakari provide context and insight for this discussion of the advancing rights of African American women throughout history, and the progress yet to make.

Chatroom Archive text

Feb 28 2013, 10:54 PM

Guest123 (guest): Does anyone know if the webcast be archived for those of us who cannot make it at the scheduled time?

Feb 28 2013, 11:52 PM

Guest26 (guest): HI, I'm interested in the webcast. I would like to know if it is free aswell, and is this targeting adults or children? if so what ages? or grade level? thanks much

Mar 1 2013, 8:55 AM

cwconnect: Yes, the webcast is free and no registration is required. We'll have archived video online early next week. Thanks for your interest in Steadfast Spirits!

Mar 1 2013, 9:20 AM

cwconnect: The live webcast may be suited more to high school students and adults, but we hope people of all ages will enjoy it.

Mar 1 2013, 11:48 AM

kitty (guest): I thought one was at 9?

Mar 1 2013, 11:49 AM

Gina689 (guest): Hello, I am looking forward!

Mar 1 2013, 11:49 AM

kitty (guest): Is there one at 9?

Mar 1 2013, 11:49 AM

Guest532 (guest): waiting

Mar 1 2013, 11:49 AM

kitty (guest): Gina689, do you know if there is one at 9?

Mar 1 2013, 11:49 AM

Gina689 (guest): I have no idea

Mar 1 2013, 11:50 AM

Gina689 (guest): I'm sure someone will be able to assist once we get started

Mar 1 2013, 11:50 AM

kitty (guest): What about you, Guest532?

Mar 1 2013, 11:50 AM

ConnectWagner (guest): We will be live at Noon ET...10 minutes.

Mar 1 2013, 11:51 AM

Guest532 (guest): I'm in Texas...don't know about one at 9

Mar 1 2013, 11:51 AM

kitty (guest): Thank you!

Mar 1 2013, 11:51 AM

Guest532 (guest): good...

Mar 1 2013, 11:51 AM

kitty (guest): Should have capatalized 'kitty'. Pardon spelling

Mar 1 2013, 11:51 AM

kitty (guest): .

Mar 1 2013, 11:52 AM

cwconnect: Join us at noon ET for the live webcast of American Ideas: Steadfast Spirits. We'll see you in nine minutes.

Mar 1 2013, 11:52 AM

kitty (guest): See you there!

Mar 1 2013, 11:54 AM

kitty (guest): I'm going to sign off and on again so I can change my name.

Mar 1 2013, 11:55 AM

Gina689 (guest): I like the name Kitty though

Mar 1 2013, 11:55 AM

kitty (guest): just wanted Kitty rather than kitty

Mar 1 2013, 11:56 AM

Kitty (guest): ta-da

Mar 1 2013, 11:57 AM

Kitty (guest): Thank you

Mar 1 2013, 11:57 AM

Guest007 (guest): Lets get ready to ruuuuummmbbblllle

Mar 1 2013, 11:57 AM

Guest65 (guest): good morning!

Mar 1 2013, 11:57 AM

Kitty (guest): good morning

Mar 1 2013, 11:57 AM

Guest251 (guest): Question: How would other people know who was a free black citizen and who was enslaved?

Mar 1 2013, 11:58 AM

DeniseW (guest): What was the ratio of male to female slaves if known? Could this have affected the progress of women?

Mar 1 2013, 11:58 AM

Kitty (guest): I have no idea...maybe men because they were thought to be able to do more jobs?

Mar 1 2013, 11:59 AM

Kitty (guest): I mean, women were pretty disrespected.

Mar 1 2013, 12:00 PM

Gina689 (guest): Kitty

Mar 1 2013, 12:00 PM

Gina689 (guest): glad u kept your name!

Mar 1 2013, 12:02 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: Did free blacks have to carry papers with them all the time to prove their free status? Were they believed?

Mar 1 2013, 12:02 PM

Kitty (guest): Probably both

Mar 1 2013, 12:03 PM

Kitty (guest): reading is great(:

Mar 1 2013, 12:03 PM

Kitty (guest): That is awful

Mar 1 2013, 12:04 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Denise W- the ratio evened out over time. Remember that young women were considered just as valuable as skilled men, due to the potential for natural increase.

Mar 1 2013, 12:04 PM

Brotha08 (guest): Has the program begun?

Mar 1 2013, 12:04 PM

Kitty (guest): yes

Mar 1 2013, 12:05 PM

cwconnect: Yes, we're online. Please press the play button on your screen.

Mar 1 2013, 12:05 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Guest 251- Free blacks would have "freedom papers" that they would carry. Of course, since blacks couldn't testify in court against whites, their situation was tenuous at best.

Mar 1 2013, 12:07 PM

Kitty (guest): grrr

Mar 1 2013, 12:07 PM

Aaron Wolfe: For that reason, most free blacks lived in communities with other free blacks, and in areas where other whites knew them who could testify on their behalf

Mar 1 2013, 12:09 PM

Kitty (guest): You bet it was ugly

Mar 1 2013, 12:10 PM

Jen Garrott: How many people found out about this awesome webcast via Twitter?

Mar 1 2013, 12:11 PM

Trosko (guest): How do the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution affect African American women through the Revolution, Reconstruction, and the Civil Rights era?

Mar 1 2013, 12:11 PM

Guest251 (guest): hy was Canada seen as a better option?

Mar 1 2013, 12:11 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: I found out about it from an email from WHRO

Mar 1 2013, 12:12 PM

Guest007 (guest): Move over Oprah...meet Barbara Hamm Lee...great Job

Mar 1 2013, 12:13 PM

Guest568 (guest): How would a family have thrived if a woman has married a free black man and she was still a slave.

Mar 1 2013, 12:17 PM

Kitty (guest): awful

Mar 1 2013, 12:19 PM

Guest252 (guest): How did enslavement affect the dynamics of the African American family?

Mar 1 2013, 12:20 PM

Kitty (guest): It made them feel that the white thought of them as unimportant. They were beaten or killed for FUN.

Mar 1 2013, 12:22 PM

Kitty (guest): When I gave a question my heart beats out of me.

Mar 1 2013, 12:22 PM

Guest65 (guest): For me, Maya Angelo exemplifies the African American Women's spirit.

Mar 1 2013, 12:22 PM

Cara (guest): Interesting that the free black man could not own guns and thereby not defend himself. Seems like history is once again repeating itself.

Mar 1 2013, 12:23 PM

Kitty (guest): now?

Mar 1 2013, 12:23 PM

Kitty (guest): today?

Mar 1 2013, 12:23 PM

Cara (guest): yes, now with all the "gun control" legislation. It is really people control

Mar 1 2013, 12:24 PM

Kitty (guest): Here we go again...

Mar 1 2013, 12:25 PM

Gina689 (guest): You are RIGHT on the money, Cara!

Mar 1 2013, 12:25 PM

Kitty (guest): AND about people control.

Mar 1 2013, 12:32 PM

Guest979 (guest): Did slaves need permission to get married?

Mar 1 2013, 12:37 PM

Guest251 (guest): Did you ever think of running away when you were enslaved?

Mar 1 2013, 12:38 PM

Aaron Wolfe: How do you all feel about Brown v. Board today? does it affect you in any way?

Mar 1 2013, 12:40 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Guest979- slaves marriages were not recognized by the government, as property is unable to enter into a contract. However, most slaveowners encouraged their slaves to marry and have children, as such a union would result in an increase of property. In the 19th century, there were slaveowners that forced unions in attempts to breed offspring.

Mar 1 2013, 12:40 PM

Guest568 (guest): We think it depends on where you live.

Mar 1 2013, 12:41 PM

Shippy (guest): Was the way you dressed determined by skin color?

Mar 1 2013, 12:41 PM

Guest979 (guest): thanks Aaron

Mar 1 2013, 12:42 PM

Guest568 (guest): Was the only way for a slave to achieve freedom by athe master freeing them. Was there any other way?

Mar 1 2013, 12:42 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Shippy- the way you dressed was determined by your economic class, not by skin color. Slaveowners dressed house slaves in finery to show off how much money they had.

Mar 1 2013, 12:43 PM

Guest568 (guest): Oprah Winfrey is an inspiration for all women.

Mar 1 2013, 12:44 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Guest568- In terms of complete freedom, yes. Slaves could runaway, but there would always be the fear that they could be captured and returned to slavery.

Mar 1 2013, 12:44 PM

Guest568 (guest): Rosa parks stood for equal rights and was an inspiration.

Mar 1 2013, 12:44 PM

Guest252 (guest): How do you all respond to people who don't like the character interpretation of African Americans in Colonial Williamsburg?

Mar 1 2013, 12:45 PM

Guest979 (guest): what's not to like? the quality or the fact that there was slavery?

Mar 1 2013, 12:45 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: Condeleeza Rice is an outstanding example of a well-educated, well-spoken woman, black or otherwise.

Mar 1 2013, 12:46 PM

Guest979 (guest): the quality is always top-notch

Mar 1 2013, 12:47 PM

Aaron Wolfe: That's an interesting question, Guest252. There are always challenges in interpreting the past, especially with a topic that is as controversial as slavery. We at CW try to show the African American experience as historically accurate as possible. That is not always perfect.

Mar 1 2013, 12:48 PM

Guest979 (guest): Really great people on this discussion panel.

Mar 1 2013, 12:48 PM

Aaron Wolfe: There is no way that we could show slavery in all its intricacies in a 5 minute street scene. But we try to be as respectful as possible.

Mar 1 2013, 12:50 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: It's always a wonderful learning experience when we come across some of the enactors, whether it be about slavery, independence, or other issues of the day.

Mar 1 2013, 12:51 PM

DeniseW (guest): FOR THE Webcast pANEL: Did Lydia have a role model - of any race?

Mar 1 2013, 12:53 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Did you have a specific criticism of the interpretation, Guest252?

Mar 1 2013, 12:53 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: Excellent answer, Lydia!

Mar 1 2013, 12:55 PM

Guest222 (guest): Awesome job, everyone!!!

Mar 1 2013, 12:55 PM

Guest65 (guest): As a teacher of African American history at the college level and early U.S. History to High School 10th and 11th grades- this is awesome material that I plan to share with my classes.

Mar 1 2013, 12:55 PM

Guest222 (guest): Guest 65, check out the CW Connect archives on assorted topics on interest to your class.

Mar 1 2013, 12:56 PM

Guest65 (guest): will do

Mar 1 2013, 12:57 PM

Aaron Wolfe: Thanks to all of you for joining us today! Our next webcast will be on June 27.

Mar 1 2013, 12:57 PM

Sharon Lavender Ward: Fascinating program - thanks so much to all!

Mar 1 2013, 12:57 PM

cwconnect: Thank you for your participation in “American Ideas: Steadfast Spirits,” Colonial Williamsburg’s live webcast. We’ll post the archive video next week. Please check back, and thanks again for your participation.

Mar 1 2013, 12:57 PM

Harriott Lomax: GREAT JOB

Mar 1 2013, 12:57 PM

Guest222 (guest): Tell your friends about this awesome site!! CW Connect!

Mar 1 2013, 12:58 PM

Guest251 (guest): Thabk you. Well done.